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Identifying the Most Successful Procedures in Hip Arthroscopy

Hip arthroscopy for femoral and acetabular pathologies has increased dramatically. However, there is little literature analyzing procedures as predictors of revision arthroscopy or arthroplasty. From February 2008 to November 2015, patients undergoing hip arthroscopy for a labral tear with minimum 2-year follow-up and between 18 and 60 years old were retrospectively reviewed. Those with previous surgeries, Tönnis grade greater than 1, and previous hip conditions were excluded. Follow-up was obtained for 1118 patients (1249 hips; 81.7%) with a mean age of 38.7 years (range, 18.0-60.0 years), mean body mass index of 26.4 kg/m2 (range, 16.3-48.9 kg/m2), and mean follow-up of 50.2 months (range, 24.0-111.9 months). A total of 122 (9.8%) patients converted to total hip arthroplasty (mean, 35.3 months; range, 1.4-95.2 months). Multivariate analysis for predictors of total hip arthroplasty found age at surgery (hazard ratio, 1.064/y; P<.05), body mass index (nonlinear; P<.05), labral debridement (HR, 1.558; P=.03), and notchplasty (HR, 2.128; P<.05), with trochanteric bursectomy (HR, 0.367; P<.05) identified as associated with higher survivorship. A total of 124 (9.9%) patients underwent revision hip arthroscopy at a mean of 21.7 months (range, 0.10-83.3 months). Multivariate analysis for predictors of revision surgery found workers' compensation (HR, 3.352; P<.05), capsular repair (HR, 1.950; P<.05), and femoral head microfracture (HR, 2.844; P=.04) to be significant, with age at date of surgery (HR, 0.973/y; P<.05) and femoral head chondroplasty (HR, 0.241; P=.05) associated with higher survivorship. Understanding risk factors for conversion to total hip arthroplasty or revision is paramount during discussions with patients.

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