Outcomes of Hip Arthroscopy in Patients With Previous Lumbar Spine Surgery: A Matched-Pair Controlled Comparative Study With Minimum Two-Year Follow-Up
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to conduct a matched-pair analysis to determine the effect of prior lumbar spine surgery (LSS) on clinical outcomes of hip arthroscopy.
Methods: Data were prospectively collected on all patients undergoing hip arthroscopy during the study period from April 2008 to December 2012. Patients were excluded if they had previous hip conditions or had undergone prior hip surgery. Patients in the LSS group (history of LSS) were matched in a 1:1 ratio to a control group (no history of LSS) according to age ±5 years, gender, body mass index categories, Tönnis grade, and labral treatment. The following outcomes were recorded in each group: modified Harris Hip Score, Non-Arthritic Hip Score (NAHS), Hip Outcome Score-Sports Specific Subscale, Hip Outcome Score-Activities of Daily Living, and visual analogue scale (VAS) score for pain, patient satisfaction, and rates for revision hip arthroscopies and conversion to total hip arthroplasty (THA).
Results: During the study period, 1,405 hip arthroscopies were performed with 1,017 eligible for matching. A total of 873 (85.8%) patients had a minimum 2-year follow-up. Fifty-seven patients were matched in each group. Both groups demonstrated significant improvement in patient-reported outcome (PRO) and VAS scores. The LSS group had a lower mean for all preoperative PRO scores. There was no significant difference for the postoperative mean PRO score and change in the PRO score compared with the control group except for NAHS. The mean change in the NAHS demonstrated a greater magnitude of improvement in the LSS group. There was no significant difference between mean VAS scores, patient satisfaction, and rates for revision arthroscopy and conversion to THA between the groups.
Conclusions: Prior LSS does not adversely affect outcomes of hip arthroscopy at a minimum 2-year follow-up. These patients have lower preoperative scores but similar magnitude of improvement and revision/THA rates compared with a matched comparative group of patients without prior LSS.
Level of evidence: Level II, retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data.