Prevalence of Generalized Ligamentous Laxity in Patients Undergoing Hip Arthroscopy: A Prospective Study of Patients' Clinical Presentation, Physical Examination, Intraoperative Findings, and Surgical Procedures
Purpose: To report minimum 5-year follow-up results of concomitant hip arthroscopy followed by periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) to treat acetabular dysplasia and intra-articular pathology, such as femoroacetabular impingement syndrome and labral tears.
Methods: Data were prospectively collected from October 2010 to December 2012. Patients were included in this study if they underwent concomitant hip arthroscopy and PAO and if they had preoperative scores documented for the following measures: modified Harris Hip Score (mHHS), Nonarthritic Hip Score (NAHS), Hip Outcome Score-Sports-Specific Subscale (HOS-SSS), and pain on a visual analog scale (VAS). Patients who underwent reverse PAO to address acetabular retroversion were excluded. Follow-up was considered complete with these outcomes collected after surgery, as well as the abbreviated International Hip Outcome Tool and patient satisfaction on a 0-10 scale. Significance was set at P = .05.
Results: Sixteen patients were eligible, all of whom had complete follow-up at a minimum of 5 years after surgery. There were 13 female subjects. The average age of the patients was 23.5 ± 6.8 years (range, 12.3-35.3 years), and the average body mass index was 24.3 ± 5.6 (range, 14.8-34.2). The mean lateral center-edge angle increased from 14.2° to 31.8° (P < .0001), and the anterior center-edge angle increased from 11.9° to 28.6° (P < .0001). The Tönnis angle of acetabular inclination decreased from 19.3° to 2.6° (P < .0001). The alpha angle decreased from 55.7° to 41.0° (P < .0001). All preoperative radiographs were Tönnis ≤1, and there was no progression of arthritis in radiographs taken at the latest clinical visit. All patient-reported outcomes scores demonstrated significant improvement from preoperative baseline to the minimum 5-year follow-up scores (mHHS, P < .001; NAHS, P < .001; HOS-SSS, P = .001). The VAS score decreased from a preoperative mean of 5.8 to 3.1 at the latest follow-up (P = .007). No conversion to total hip arthroplasty was reported.
Conclusions: Concomitant hip arthroscopy and PAO appears to be a safe and effective procedure with favorable mid-term outcomes that are durable compared to the short-term.